The keto diet has the potential to reduce blood sugar levels. Because in ketogenic diet one eats a very low or no carbohydrate, and people with diabetes are recommended to take low carbohydrate and this is because carbohydrate turns into glucose and this for people with type 2 diabetes. So instead of burning glucose it will burn fat.
All the cells in our body needs fuel to function. This fuel comes from fat, carbohydrates or protein. Too much protein without fat puts our body into risk, so protein can never serve as a primary source of fuel. So now how about fat and carb. Normally our body preferred carbohydrate to carry out everyday task. This carbohydrates is now converted to glucose,which is readily converted to energy. This is why athletes “carb load” before they compete. Peak performance occurs when the body has plenty of glucose and glycogen stores available at hand. When glycogen runs out, that’s when the body turns to fat. When there is no more blood sugar for our cells to consume, they seek an alternative form of energy. This energy comes from ketones, which are compounds our body produces from stored fat. So a ketogenic diet is one that is high in fat and very low in carbohydrates, resulting in the production of ketones to be used for fuel instead of glucose. A diabetic person stays away from food with high carb content which is also what someone on a ketogenic diet does.
Impact on blood sugar levels
A ketogenic diet may help some people with type 2 diabetes because it allows the body to maintain glucose levels at a low but healthy level.
The lower intake of carbohydrates in the diet can help to eliminate large spikes in blood sugar, reducing the need for insulin.
Studies on ketogenic diets, including research from 2018, have found that they can be helpful in controlling levels of HbA1c. This refers to the amount of glucose traveling with hemoglobin in the blood over about 3 months.
Keto Diet For Diabetics
- Low-carb vegetables: A good rule of thumb is to eat non-stavegetables at every meal. Beware of starchy vegetables, such as potatoes and corn.
- Eggs: Eggs are low in carbohydrates, as well as being an excellent source of protein.
- Meats: Fatty meats are acceptable, but should be eaten in moderation to be mindful of heart health. Also, be mindful of consuming too much protein. Combining a high level of protein with low levels of carbohydrates may cause the liver to convert the protein into glucose. This would raise blood sugar levels.
- Healthful fat sources: These include avocados, olive oil, nuts, and seeds. Although the diet is mostly fat, it is important and recommended including mostly healthy fats over not as healthy options such as bacon, sausage, red meat, and fried cheeses.
- Fish: This is a good source of protein.
- Berries: These are good sources of fiber, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that are okay to consume on the keto diet in the right quantity.
That depends on the type of diabetes you have. In general, people with type 2 who are overweight seem to get good results safely. If you have type 1 and want to try the keto diet, it’s essential that you talk to your doctor first. You’ll need to carefully monitor your health and watch for signs of ketoacidosis. For either type, it’s a good idea to work closely with your doctor, since you may need to change your medications. The keto diet has some side effects that are worth knowing about, too:Hypoglycemia: Though the diet can lower A1c levels, that may mean you’re at a higher risk of blood sugar that dips too low, especially if you’re also taking medicine for your diabetes. Let your doctor or diabetes educator know if you try the keto diet. They can advise you about checking your blood sugar, taking your medicines, and what to do when your blood sugar drops too low.
There is generally a lack of long-term studies into the safety and effectiveness of ketogenic diets and, this is why a doctor’s opinion is needed before starting the diet.
There are a few groups of people for whom a ketogenic diet may not be suitable, or at the very least, warrants close supervision.
These include pregnant women, children, people at risk of hypoglycemia, people with a very low BMI, and those with conditions that a ketogenic diet may exacerbate.
To succeed on a keto diet when you have diabetes you should
- Determine an effective treatment plan with your doctor.
- Implement a ketogenic diet that limits dairy and wheat consumption.
- Check blood sugar levels frequently throughout the day (at least 8-10 times).
- Supplement with vitamin D3 by getting sun exposure and taking a supplement every day.
- Exercise daily, but make sure you monitor your blood sugar and check for hypoglycemia symptoms.
- Get your A1C levels tested every three months to determine the effectiveness of your treatment plan.